Brief History of Namakkal District
Namakkal District is a newly formed district from Salem District. It is functioning from 01-01-1997.It consists of 7 Taluks namely Namakkal. Rasipuram, Tiruchengode , Paramathi Velur, KolliHills, Sendamangalam and Komarapalayam. The district is bounded by salem on the north, Karur on the south, Trichy and Salem on the east and Erode on the West.The Geographical area of the district is 3363, 35 K.m. Which lies between 11.00 and 11.360 North Latitute and 77.280 and 78.300 East Longitude.
For Administrative pruposes the district has been divided into 2 Revenue Divisions, 7 Taluks, 30 Revenue firkas . For local arrangements, the district has been divided into 5 Municipalities, 15 Panchayats Unions,19 Town Panchayats and 322 Village Panchayats. Thiruvaraikkal as it is mentioned in the inscription found on the north west and south walls of the deserted temple on the Hill. Since it produces major part of Eggs sent to all over other parts of our country, and is also called “Poultry Town” as it contains quite a number of poultry Farms And also now called as “Egg City”.
The Rock Fort in Namakkal is a Special feature of the town. The Fort covers an area of One and half acres of flat surface and is accessible from south west by a flight of narrow steps. Namakkal was in the hands of Atikula King called Gunasila who had married with pallava dynasity. Later the Taluk was ruled by the cholas in the Kongu Mandalam which has over run by the cholas in the 9”th Century and passed on the Vijayanagar under the Viuroyultry of Madura. Namakkal was held by Killedhar (Caption) on Hyder Ali Unit was Captured by the British in 1768.
The Northern portion of Namakkal are mountainous and the southern areas are plains. The Chief rivers run through the district are Cauvery, Aiyaru, Karipottan Aaru and Thirumanimutharu . The Cauvery flows south and south west hugging the border.
The Garden of Namakkal District is Kollihills which is governed by Panchayat union, comprising 16 Village Panchayats are called’ Nadu with an area of 371.03 Sq Kms. And 1300 Mtrs. above Sea level. In kollihills the Malaiyalis are the prehistoric tribals. ‘Valvil Ori’ the king of Kadai Yelu Vallal was ruled this hilly area. The famous Siva temple Arappaleeswarar was originally a retreat of the jain Monks prior to its Hindusation. The another famous Water Falls namely, ‘Agash Ganga’ situated near the Temple.
Namakkal finds a place of importance in the map of India because of its Lorry body building industry, a unique feature of the town. More than 150 Lorry body building work shops and with a number of subsidiary industries of auto body works are operating since 1960’s. There are Lorries, Trailors and L.P.G. Tanker Lorries are in Namakkal district. Therefore it is called as ‘ Transport City ’. Namakkal is the major producer of Egg in Southern Region. Hence, called as ‘ Egg City ‘.
The famous Tamil Poet” Namakkal Kavingnar Ramalingam Pillai” was born in this district. In the memorize of the poet the state government established an arts and science college for women . On of the most famous Government Veterinary College is also situated near by Namakkal Town . More and more private educational/technical institutions are coming up in recent years which is blossom for the district. The faniys Anjaneyaswami Status which has its hight of 6.7 Mts. Was built in 996 AD. The Narasimma Samy Temple along with Amman Temple are situated behind the west of the Roch Fort in the Heart of the town.
Rasipuram is another important taluk in Namakkal District. The Chief industry of the town is weaving. Puttunoolkarar who belongs in Sourastra Community lives in large numbers in this town together with kaikolar. They are weaving Cotton Cloth and silk Sarees. Another important aspect in the taluk is the Sago production. Nearly 176 Sago factories are located in and around the Rasipuram Taluk. Sago and Starch production in this area are exported to other countries Ghee production is also famous in Rasipuram Taluk.
Tiruchengode is a town of cultural and historical importance. In the 19th Century, it was the Home of the Tamil Academy called ‘ Pulavar Sangam’. Nearly 37 spinning mills and more than 10.000 Powerlooms are functioning in this area. One Sugar mill and one Paper mill were functioning under Private Sector. Tiruchengode is famous for Rigl Vechicles More than 2,000 Vechiles were engaged in digging of borewells all over India . The Large no of powerloom and handloom industries were functioning in this Taluk., Arthanareeswarar temple in Trichengode is one of the Pilgrimage center.
The famous Cauvery River flows in Paramathi Taluk. It helps more lrrigation of lands in Paramathi and Mohanur Blocks. The Mohanur Co- Operative Sugar Mills is also situated in Paramathi Taluk in Mohanur Block.